Vol. 4, Issue 12 (2017)
A study on challenges to hold on to the ‘Guru-Shishya Parampara’ in Hindustani vocal music in today’s modern era
Author(s): Santosh Kumar Panda
Abstract: This research paper is an attempt to test and investigate ‘why is that Guru-Shishya Parampara’ in Hindustani vocal music in today’s modern era is dying’? It is the music lovers with long helpless moan are witnessing and debating with great concerns and agreeing upon the slow death of old model of ‘Guru-Shishya Parampara’ practiced to preach and train students in Hindustani vocal music with the argument to craft new formats of ‘Guru-Shishya Parampara’ to save the art of music. The Gharana’ is considered to be a traditional approach and system of teaching and performing Indian classical music are the perfect example to show case the ‘Guru-Shishya Parampara’. There are many Gharana-s or styles, prominent ones are the Mewati, Jaipur, Agra, Benaras, Gwalior. This style of Gharana’ is many century old method practiced in India has been passed from master to student, from generation to generation. These prominent Ghranas has a rich history of supporting disciples while they learnt music in the homes of their teachers. Over the years, these Gharanas has produced many outstanding vocal, instrumental and dance performers. But, like many traditions, and cultural heritage in general, this method of performing music has been threatened due to various reasons. This research article is an attempt to search the factual reasons for closure of many Gharanas. This research article has been carried out to search in minute details with scientific approach, what are the reasons that led the century old practices to take its last breath disturbing the ‘Guru-Shishya Parampara’ practiced. The objective of this research paper to highlight the challenges these Gharanas are facing with special emphasis on solutions to come out of this precarious situation.