Vol. 4, Issue 12 (2017)
Dietary salt intake infield practice area under community medicine department with a view of life style diseases in city Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
Author(s): Dr. Yamini J Gurjar, Dr. MK Lala, Dr. Hardik Yagnik, Dr. Navin Rajashekhar, Dr. Arpit Dhudhwala
Abstract: Introduction: Excess salt consumption is a leading cause of high blood pressure and has been reported as the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Aims & Objectives: To assess dietary salt intake and its awareness in community. To correlate this with various life style disorders. Methodology: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in B. J. M.C. field practice area under Community Medicine department. A total number of family surveyed were 233. The data was collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. Analysis was done by Microsoft offices excel with use of chi-square test. Results: In this study, the mean dietary salt intake was 12.40 g/day/per consumption unit. Proportion of hypertension in the families’ studied was 24.9%. Relationship between awareness level and practices of taking salt intake in diet was found significant (p=0.0028 at p<0.05). Conclusion: People are still not aware of harm of taking excess salt in diet which was evident in present study as a sizeable percent of population are suffering from hypertension.