Psychological factors of academic motivation among secondary school students in Etche local government area of rivers state, Nigeria
Dr. Ernest Ehibudu Ijeoma Regina, Onyeche Christian Ejike
The study investigated psychological factors of academic motivation among secondary school students in Etche Local Government Area of Rivers State. Ex-post facto research design was used in this study. A sample size of 600 students was selected from SS1 and SS2 using stratified random sampling in 10 public secondary schools in Etche Local Government Area of Rivers State. Three research questions were answered and three hypotheses were tested in the study at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument used for the study is titled: Psychological Factors as Correlates of Academic Motivation Questionnaire (PSFCAMQ) developed by the researchers. The PSFCAMQ had four sections of 12 items each related to the factors under review. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach alpha as follows; Academic motivation 0.76, attribution 0.86, self-concept 0.81 and interest 0.84. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested with t-test of independence at 0.05 Alpha levels. It was found out that studentsí internal and external attribution, positive and negative self-concept, high and low interest has significant influence on their academic motivation. It was recommended that counsellors and teachers should help students to think about or perceive themselves positively. Again, teachers should trigger high interest in students to increase academic motivation in them as they continue to reinforce students verbally.