Modified poverty index of West Bengal: A human development approach
Every developing and developed country shall make policies and strategies for substantially reducing overall poverty in the shortest time possible, reducing inequalities and eradicating absolute poverty. Measurement of poverty is a step which is essential for managing it. Though there is a conflict among the regarding the way of measurement, the human development perspective of measurement of poverty is rather rational than the income perspective. This measurement strategy was reflected first on the Human Development Report 1997 by United Nations Development Programme. There after numerous attempts have been made to construct Human Poverty Index (HPI) modifying the original indices published in Human Development Report for different countries and states throughout the world. Being an agrarian state, West Bengal in India, also faces the problems of acute and hidden poverty. But a systematic preparation of poverty index of West Bengal is missing for long period. In this present endeavour a district-wise Human Poverty Index for the State of West Bengal have been prepared. It can seriously identify the area of hotspot of poverty and can play a reasonable role in policy making for poverty alleviation programmes.