The impacts of climate change on the tourism sector: Tangier as a case study, Morocco
It is first to know that tourism is the largest source of economic growth in the world. It is one of the most important industrial sectors for some countries. Tourism activity is susceptible to climate change because of its strong connection to the natural climate. And, many of the main popular tourist destinations depend strongly on the natural environment for their appeal such as: coastal resorts, tropical rainforests, wildlife safaris and alpine ski resorts, for example, all rely on a mixture of natural beauty, good weather and safe conditions to attract holiday-makers. Thus, the interaction between tourism and climate change is very complex. It involves many activities that can have adverse environmental effects. Tangier is considered as one of the most popular tourist attractions in Morocco, but this tourism activity is negatively affected by climatic change which will indirectly harm the natural environment in general. This problem is due to various causes. The main objective of this study is to examine and analyze some of the possible impacts of climate change on the tourism activity in this area. The essential issue of this study is as follows: « What are the negative impacts of climate change on the tourism sector in the area of Tangier? And, how can the tourism sector adapt to the effects of climate change? In this study, I will firstly define the conceptual framework of the climate change. Secondly, I will present the major impacts of climate change on the tourism sector by the interviews conducted in this area. Moreover, I will give the appropriate adaptation strategies in how can the Tangier tourism sector adapt to the effects of climate change in order to have a good sustainable tourism development. Finally, I will analyze the conclusions of our study.