Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2017)
Economic inequality and justice
Author(s): Dr. Indu Bala Tehlan
Abstract: The problem of economic inequality has attracted much attention in recent years. Economic inequality (also defined as the gap between rich & poor, Income inequality, wealth disparity, wealth and income differences or wealth gap) is the difference between individuals of populations in the distribution of their assets, wealth or income. It refers to inequality among individuals and groups within a society but can also refer to inequality among countries. The present paper aims to study about the existing economic disparities in the society and focuses on justice as a toll for narrowing this gap between different economic classes. The issue of economic inequality, equality of outcome, equality of opportunity and life expectancy. The author in the present paper emphasizes the inequality is a growing social problem as too much inequality is destructive. In this context, the justice is defined as existence of opportunities for meaningful work and employment and the dispensation of fair rewards for the productive activities of the individuals. In the present study the highlighted areas are ‘Inequalities in the distribution of income’, ‘Inequalities in the distribution of assets (including not only capital but also physical assets such as land and buildings)’, ‘Inequalities in the distribution of opportunities for work and remunerated employment’, ‘Inequalities in the distribution of access to knowledge’, Inequalities in the distribution of health services, social security and provision of a sage environment’ and ‘Inequalities in the distribution of opportunities for civic and political participation’. Further the author presents her views about the role of justice in dealing with all the above mentioned areas.