Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2017)
Demographic and spatial dimensions of violent crime against women: A study on selected major cities of India with special reference to Kolkata
Author(s): Anuradha Mukherjee, Ranjan Basu
Abstract: Atrocities against women in India is as old as its history. It takes place in the Indian patriarchal society, irrespective of women’s age, economic standard and the social rung to which they belong to. At the same time, women in urban India are the targets of physical and mental torture at home as well as outside i.e. on road, workplaces and public places. The present work concentrates on a heinous crime against women—rape in the major metropolitan cities of India viz. Delhi, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bengaluru and Chennai in recent times. Statistical reports of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) suggest that these major cities have been the major centres of violence against women, hence, the work attempts to explore the spatio-temporal dynamics of the aforementioned crime in these cities; to assess the demographic and social vulnerability of victimization of women in such crime; status of such crimes in Kolkata in comparison to other major cities and finally to suggest remedial measures to combat these atrocities in an urban set up. In Kolkata, these crimes against women are low in comparison to other metro cities. However, women in the city still feel insecure and have apprehensions of victimization. Crimes against women may also be seen as a consequence of anomalous dimension of social ecology. The work is based on secondary and primary data collected from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). Quantitative techniques have been applied for spatio-temporal analysis and pictorial representations have been made through cartograms. This academic endeavour is a humble attempt on probing violence against women through demographic and social perspectives.