Vol. 3, Issue 9 (2016)
Coconut farming and marketing with special reference Totumkur District-Karnataka State
Author(s): Vijayalakshmi N
Abstract: Agriculture continues to be the core sector in the rural economy of Karnataka, providing livelihood security for vast majority of the population. In the crop production sub sector. It is principal crops namely coconut that too on account of the large scale area expansion through the shift in cropping pattern. The manufacturing units procure raw materials from coconut farmers. Some local traders supplies raw materials to these manufacturing units and in returns they procure the finish products. Considering the huge production of coconut husk in the region, individual artisans and ITI graduates can be encouraged to set up their one de-timbering and yarn making units with advanced machineries. The Copra obtained by drying the kernel of coconut is the richest source of vegetable oil containing 65 to 70 per cent oil. Cocos- nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (98 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4 6 m (13 20 ft) long, and pinnae 60-90 cm long old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. Coconuts are generally classified into two general types: tall and dwarf. On very fertile land, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30, mainly due to poor cultural practices. In recent years, improvements in cultivation practices and breeding have produced coconut trees that can yield more. An attempt is made in this paper to analyse the production and marketing of coconut in Tumkur area.