Vol. 3, Issue 9 (2016)
The status of Druze women in the Druze religious law in comparison to Druze women's status in society
Author(s): Dr. Janan Faraj Falah
Abstract: The Druze religious texts give the Druze woman her rights as an equal. The Druze religion has allowed the woman to choose her mate, to reject a man that she does not desire, and to divorce her husband, even with mutual liberal agreement. Arnold Sherman*, who has visited the region and visited Druze families, observed that the Druze showed a modern progressive attitude where the woman received full respect. If the marriage was against the will of the woman, or did not suit her, she could cancel the marriage via the Druze religious court. This right is given to her so that the final and the man protected the respect of the woman for his entire life. The Druze woman is the only wife of her home, because polygamy is prohibited and men may not marry more than one woman. The Druze woman may join the group of religious individuals and pray among them. Druze law and religion make the man and woman equal. The first Druze lawmaker (Al-Amir Al-Si’id) gave the woman rights more than six hundred years ago. However, the facts are different. The woman in Druze society has progressed with Relatively slow steps compared to the general Israeli population. Some of the reasons are demographic, depending on the place of residence of the Druze, because the impact of religious leaders is very strong. They have affected the personal behavior of individuals and judged people for their actions. In addition, religious leaders have had a strong impact on the status of the woman. They have delayed the progress for women, and it is possible that the main reason for this is that religion is secret and the Druze live in small rural villages whereas the colleges are in large cities. Purpose: The purpose of the research is to examine the status of the Druze woman in the Druze religion’s texts compared to Druze women in society. Method: Examined Druze religious texts, focusing on marriage, divorce and prayer. I conducted interviews with 50 Druze women ranging in age from 30 to 65 from three villages in northern Israel. Concise result: The findings show that the status of the Druze women in religious law is equal to the men in terms of marriage, divorce and prayer. However, in Druze society, women do not exercise their rights.