Vol. 3, Issue 9 (2016)
Household energy consumption in India: A review
Author(s): Smitha Bhaskar, Narayana Billava
Abstract: Energy studies have highly relied on secondary sources. There are a few studies on behaviour of households in energy choice, particularly with reference to India. While household income was found to play an important role in the selection of energy carrier and its usage, monthly household income and household size had nonlinear relationship on the probability of choosing a fuel. Household expenditure or income level is found to be the most important explanatory variable causing variation in energy requirements across households. Demographic and geographical variables along with the size of the household dwelling and the age of the head of the household are related to higher household energy requirements. Choice of energy and its usage are influenced by household income level, poverty, health, education, age of the head of the household, living conditions, size of the households, location of the house, socio-cultural factors and easy availability and comfortability to use the device. Lack of knowledge, training, lack of service backup, cost of the device, irregular supply of electricity and black-outs are some of the factors highlighted for low adoption of clean energy sources. Government policies also influence energy choice. Understanding the fuel selection pattern and inter-fuel substitution possibilities play an important role for policy planning. For effective policy interventions and developing sustainable pathways it is necessary to enhance the understanding of factors affecting energy demand which impacts resource base.