Abstract: A times gone by of political theories of the scope defined above must begin with the thought of that brilliant aggregation of Mediterranean people whose amazing development peoples whose astonishing in development in intellectual culture, twenty-tree centuries in the past, is still the wonder and despair of civilized man. Probably in no field save that of art are Greek ideals more highly appreciated at the present day than in political theory. This is in some measure due to the wide prevalence of democratic thought and feeling, but more decisive is the fact that the great thinkers of Hellas explored the entries height and depth of human political capacity and outlined the principles which at all times and in all circumstances must determine the general the general features of political life. With all its university, however, however, Hellenic thought, like that of every other age and people, was determined primarily by the institutions amid which it developed. Plato and Aristotle analyzed and classified the principles and organs of a state life that had passed its prime and was rapidly waning. The characteristic features of this life were determined by influences and motives in which rational generalization and ideals had little part, and when systematic reflection began, the results was rather explication of the past than anticipation of the future.