Vol. 3, Issue 5 (2016)
An evaluation of teachers’ effectiveness in the implementation of the strategic plan aimed at improving learner’s academic performance in selected secondary schools of Mwense District, Luapula Province, Zambia
Author(s): Chansa Chishimba, William Phiri
Abstract: Findings from research studies have consistently shown that there has been poor academic performance in most government secondary schools and learning institutions in Mwense District are not an exception. In order to curb the increasing poor academic performance of learners, the Government of the Republic of Zambia through the Ministry of General Education implemented a Strategic Plan aimed at improving the academic performance of learners. The success of any strategic plan lies in how effective it is implemented (Kaufman, 1992) . Buchanan (2000)  further argues that the effectiveness of those who are tasked to implement a strategic plan determine the extent to which the strategic plan gets implemented. In this regard, teachers are among the key personnel in implementing the strategic plan in schools in Mwense District. Therefore, the study sought to establish the effectiveness of teachers in selected schools in Mwense District in implementing the strategic plan. The sample comprised of 101 participants from 8 secondary schools. Of these, 92 were teachers, 8 were head teachers and 1 was the District Education Board Secretary (DEBS). Thematic analysis was employed while the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) and excel were used to analyse quantitative data. The study established that teachers were effective in implementing the strategic plan due to their qualifications and vast experience in teaching. However, they met the challenges of lack of incentives and sufficient teaching and learning materials. It further emerged that there was need for the government to be conducting periodic review of the strategic plan and to involve all stakeholders in the strategic plan implementation process. Based on the findings, the following recommendations, among others, emerged: 1. Teachers were to continue to play a pivotal role in the implementation process through practicing learner-centred approach to teaching. 2: teachers should not resort to punishing pupils who show little or no interest in some subjects. 3: teachers should closely collaborate with head teachers, District Education Board Secretaries (DEBs) and the community in implementing the strategic plan.