Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2016)
Effects of climate change on the yield of major food crops: A case of Madhya Pradesh
Author(s): Javaid Ahmad Mir, Rubeenah Akhter
Abstract: Weather is direct input in the most of the agricultural sector. Therefore it has great importance in the productivity of most of the crop. Over the years climatic conditions are changing drastically, which in-turn is effecting the agricultural sector? The frequency and severity of risks in agriculture particularly in last few decades has increased on account of climate variability and change. The principal evidence of climatic change has been rising temperatures, erratic rainfall pattern, and increase in the severity of droughts, floods and cyclones which have caused huge losses in agricultural production and the livestock population. India has developed response mechanisms for primary (crop failures) and to some extent secondary (livestock deaths) consequences of climate variability. It is more effective in central south Indian states. Madhya Pradesh being in the zone of semi-arid region has major implications of climate variability. Therefore present study aims to analyze major effects of climate change over the years in this region.