Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2016)
Awareness regarding family life education concepts among institutionalized adolescent girls
Author(s): Samridhi Arora, Ruchi Thakur, Vandana Devi
Abstract: The present study was conducted to assess the Knowledge content regarding Family Life Education concepts among 27 Institutionalized adolescent girls, residing in two destitute homes in Jammu city i.e. SOS Home and Balika Niketan. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample and data was collect using interview schedule. The result revealed that majority of respondents were having knowledge about nutritious food which they view as healthy and one should always prefer balanced diet. A high proportion of respondents were having awareness regarding menstruation and fertility period. The inmates of SOS Home viewed that the length of fertility period is between 15-45 years and gain information regarding menstruation cycle from their friends and sisters, and in Balika Niketan they viewed that the length of fertility period lies between 15-49 years and gain information regarding menstruation cycle from their friends and caretaker. A high proportion of the respondents revealed that population of india is increasing and it has effect on the size of the family. The results further revealed that majority of the respondents in both the institutions viewed that marriage is compulsory for every individual and right age of marriage is between 21-25 years. In both the institutions, most of the respondents were having knowledge regarding breast feeding and should be continued for 1-2 years. According to them colostrum is good for the health of new born. Majority of the respondents were having knowledge about HIV/AIDS as compared to inmates of Balika Niketan. Majority of the respondents were having less knowledge content regarding immunization of pregnant women and children in both institutions. A two day intervention programme was planned and organized for the sample adolescent girls based on the findings i.e. one day in SOS Home, and one day in Balika Niketan, Amphalla. The intervention programme yielded positive responses as respondents gained valuable information from the researcher which helped them in clarifying their queries regarding AIDS and immunization practices. Overall, it can be concluded that respondents in SOS home were having better knowledge regarding various concepts of Family Life Education the reason could be better schooling of the inmates of SOS home.