Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2016)
Assessment of knowledge about hemophilia, a genetic bleeding disorder amongst paramedical and nursing students
Author(s): Shrivastava Manisha, Shah Nehal, Navaid Seema, K Radha
Abstract: Hemophilia is the most common hereditary coagulation factor deficiency occurring primarily amongst males characterized by bleeding in muscles and joints and can further lead to chronic pain and joint disease. Treatment of hemophilia involves replacement of the essential clotting factors at the time of bleeding episode and the management requires a multidisciplinary approach including paramedical and nursing health care workers. Less is known about knowledge and awareness amongst paramedical and nursing students concerning this disorder. This study aims at assessing knowledge of nursing and paramedical students about hemophilia and its management. The students, were subjected to a structured questionnaire (self-filled Pre Test) containing 20 multiple choice questions related to topics being covered in the lecture followed by an interactive lecture of one hour which covered the basic information about hemophilia, inheritance, incidence, clinical characteristics and its comprehensive management. The students were again subjected to post test (Self Filled) questionnaire containing same set of questions. A total of 167, 24% paramedical and 66% nursing students mean age 24.71, 114 females mean age 24.58 and 53 males mean age 24.56, participated in the study. The mean score of pre-assessment (n=146) and post assessment (n=167) were 5.75 (SD 3.31) and 11.64 (SD 3.35) respectively. There was a significant change in mean score of pre and post assessment, when compared (p<0.001). There was improvement in mean score of 5.89 (102.43%) over the Pre Test score. The total highest and lowest scores in pretest and posttest were 17&1; 20&5 respectively. There was a significant improvement in the score of each question. This study intending to increase awareness about hemophilia amongst healthcare workers showed that enhancement of knowledge of paramedical and nursing staff through awareness lecture is a good means towards changing the levels of attitude and developing effective national hemophilia programme for diagnosis, genetic counseling, patient education, psychosocial counseling and registry of patients.