Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2016)
Tobacco economics in Egypt
Author(s): Dr. Ezzat Molouk Kenawy
Abstract: Tobacco as well as smoking and its several dangers are considered as some of the greatest economic, environmental, health, social and educational challenges facing the whole world states at all levels. It leads to the death of about 5.4 million people annually mostly from the third world states; it is expected that the death number will reach almost 10 million people in 2025. The economic cost and healthcare resulted from smoking at the world level are valued about $ US 200 billion dollars annually. Due to the increase of smoking and its negative effects, the World Health Organization members' states adopted an anti-smoking historic agreement; the framework agreement of smoking prevention in May 2003 which is expected to contribute to getting rid of smoking. Egypt is the ninth largest state of raw tobacco importing at the global level. Egypt is one of the largest states of tobacco consumption in the Arab world. The number of all-sort tobacco smokers in Egypt reached about 18 million smokers in 2013.The death number resulted from smoking in Egypt reached annually 170 thousand people. The annual treatment cost which Egypt undergoes for diseases resulting from all-sort smoking valued about L.E. 4 billion pounds. The research aims to identify the world consumption and production of tobacco with concentration on the tobacco economics in Egypt in terms of manufacturing, consumption, employment and foreign trade. It clarifies the effect of imposing taxes on tobacco in Egypt to curb the subsequent increasing consumption and costs rates of smoking risks. It aims as well to identify the anti-tobacco exerted efforts in Egypt and indicate the most important economic and environmental effects resulting from the use of tobacco use.