Set against the backdrop of the swadeshi
(home rule) movement in Bengal, following its sudden and arbitrary partition by the then British viceroy in India, Lord Curzon, in 1905, The Home and the World
was originally published in Bengali (as Ghare Baire
) in 1915. Later, it was translated and published in English by the author’s nephew, Surendranath Tagore (with active cooperation from the author himself), in 1919.
The Bengali original was published two years after the author was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and the same year in which he received a knighthood from King George V of England, an accolade he came to renounce in 1919 in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Punjab, by the notorious General Dyer.