Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2016)
Literature analyses of parental stress in families with hearing impaired children
Author(s): Sarika Manhas, Kanika Gupta
Abstract: Hearing impairment is an exceptional circumstance that restricts the child’s ability to communicate verbally. Deafness is the 2nd most common disability and is largely invisible. WHO (2011) estimated that more than six hundred million people across the globe live with disability of various types. There are around 42 million people with hearing loss; with approximately 3 in every 1000 children born have a hearing loss. According to 2011 census, in India 5,071,007 people are suffering from hearing impairment. Rearing a child with special need is associated with increased parental stress and it affects the wellbeing of parents. A number of studies demonstrated that parents of special children experience higher level of stress requiring some additional coping resource. Most previous studies are based on listing out personal factors causing stress. The focus of the present paper is to provide a summary of existing literature concerning parental stress and coping strategies adopted by them. Through a literature review the objective is to highlight factors contributing to increased levels of parental stress and understanding and exploring the corrective or remedial action for reducing the incidence of stress.