Vol. 3, Issue 10 (2016)
The composite Geopolitics of West Asia: As a detrimental to the peace and stability of the region: An Analysis of different perspectives and philosophies
Author(s): SK Chand Basha
Abstract: West Asian region is noteworthy for two issues 1. Global oil supply 2. Sectarian crisis which becomes an opportune for different geopolitical strategies originating from regional and non-regional players. The sectarian crisis owing to two different antagonistic schools of thoughts one school of thought led by Sunni theatre- Majorly Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey and its rival Shia theatre- Majorly Iran, Syria and Hezbollah of Lebanon, The fratricidal and historical enmity between the two for regional supremacy becomes an opportunity for non-regional players to intervene as mediators and formulate their own geopolitics due to the oil rich region of west Asia and other vested interests. The non-regional players again of two different philosophies one philosophy of thought led by U.S. alongside western world Supporting Sunnis Theater. The second school of thought its rival Russia (erst while Soviet Union) supporting Shia Theatre especially Syria. The geopolitics of western world broadly encircles around oil regions of gulf and its investments in their banks which in turn used for industrial and military operations and protecting Israel the hardcore ally of west. Whereas Russian geopolitics rely upon its tartus naval base in Syria (the only naval base of Russia outside their territory) and west Asia as a market for its defense machinery. At this juncture west policies whose main intention is to dethrone Bashar al-Asad the Syrian president which was also the primary objective of Sunnis even at the coast of entire regional disintegrity leading to civilian massacre escalating untold refugee influx into the Europe by dangerous sea routes reflects the sorry state of the region, in the midst of these adversaries IS jihadists (a terrorist outfit) and other rebel groups becoming strengthened by massive inflow of funds and ammunition majorly from Sunni gulf monarchies and west accentuates the regional disintegrity which hard hits the civilians. The entire scenario depicts the point that west Asia has been severely shattered by sectarian, opportunistic, hegemonic and radicalistic players creates a composite puzzle leading to vivisection of the peace in the region. Of late the Russian president putin’s proposal of common regional policy by including key participants to fight against IS and other terrorists and rebel groups without discriminating between moderate rebels (trained by west) and bad terrorists as was done by west and a political solution in Syria which is the major issue of entire west Asian disintegrity by including vital stake holders is welcoming. The Paper concludes that so long the hegemonical and sectarianistic interests of superior nations coupled with intolerance towards other cultures exists the peace and stability of the west Asia is still a day dream therefore an inclusive, democratic, rational and tolerant policies has to be framed out and executed with greater honesty and commitment by concerned parties which is the only way out to bring peace and stability to the west Asia.