Factors affecting ICT implementation in selected secondary schools in Chipata district
Author(s): Dr Phiri Williams, Phiri Given Gift
Abstract: The purpose of study is to investigate and establish the challenges in implementation of ICT in selected Secondary Schools in eastern province of Zambia, Chipata. The studies done in other countries have shown that this ICT is very good as it lays a good foundation for the development of the nation. This could have been due to a gap between the rich and the poor people that existed when time came to take their learners to school. The gap theory used in the study suggested that the rural schools would fail to implement ICT to children but the urban schools would do that without any problem. This could lead to underdevelopment and dependence syndrome in the country by the rural schools. ICT comes as a solution to all these problems and helps bring equality in development and education in the nation. Poverty and diseases, crime and early marriages are also prevented as children will be busy with computers and other gadgets used in schools and use their basic knowledge to do a lot of developmental activities like entrepreneurship that has been introduced and also just becoming responsible children who are well informed about their rights not to involve themselves in early marriages and crime. The children learn a lot at primary level to make them self-dependent when they grow up and help develop the nation. When introduced to ICT at this level learner get more exposed to the world they live in and thus be very important tools of development in the areas where they live. ICT has a lot of advantages to learners and the society at large but its implementation needs much preparation. The preparation need to be done by the government in the area of training materials(books and ICT devices), school laboratories, ICT teachers and psychologically convince the learners the benefits of the new subject ICT. If these are not looked into Implementation will always fail even if they would debate about it or call people from other countries to help them it will still fail. Finally, implantation of ICT needs a good strategy by the government for example piloting it in a village set up and see the results then start implementing step by step to the whole nation until it is nationally implemented.