Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2016)
The attitude of pupils learning Geography toward examination leakages in selected secondary schools in Kitwe District of the Copper belt Province of Zambia
Author(s): Judith Nakamba, William Phiri
Abstract: This excerpt is focused on one of the objectives from the study entitled “The effect of examination malpractices (leakages) on pupils’ academic performance in Geography in selected secondary schools in Kitwe District of the Copper belt Province of Zambia”. The study focused on the empirical evidence from studies that examination malpractices have remained a global challenge. This state of affairs has been influenced by a number of factors which could be organized into different factors such as pupil factors, societal or parental factors, teacher factors and economic factors just to mention but a few. Olatumbosum and Omoregie (2011) agree to the phenomenon that examination malpractice were in fact influenced by many factors. Ivowi (1997) cites “lack of confidence, inadequate preparation, peer influence, parental support and poor facilities in schools to be some of the factors responsible for examination malpractice.” Of course many more factors have been identified by various scholars too numerous to mention. In view of the aforementioned, the objective of the study was to find out the attitude of the pupils learning Geography toward examination leakages. The study further sought to ascertain ways of curbing examination leakages. Quantitative and qualitative paradigms were employed in this research. Data were collected using semi structured questionnaire and interview schedules for administrators, teachers and pupils. Further, data were collected from ten (10) public secondary schools in Kitwe District, from the District Education Board Office and the Provincial Resource Centre. The total sample size was fifty (50) which comprised ten (10) secondary school Head teachers, fifteen (15) secondary school teachers of Geography, twenty one (21)grade eleven (11) pupils, the District Education Board Secretary (DEBS), the Education Standards Officer in Charge of Examinations (ESO Examinations.), the District Guidance Coordinator (DGC) and the Provincial Resource Centre Coordinator (PRCC). The quantitative collected data were analyzed using the Microsoft excel and STATA which interpreted the data into tables and graphs whilst the qualitative data were analyzed using emerging themes and sub-themes. The findings of the study revealed that pupils were disturbed by examination malpractices as they lured them into acquiring negative attitude toward learning Geography. It was further discovered most pupils who were interested in examination leakages devote less time to academic work, and some pupils showed signs of indiscipline and lack of respect for the teachers... Thus, the study made some of the following recommendations: 1. ECZ to increase awareness on the effect of examination leakages through outdoor advertising in addition to the current posters being used. 2. ECZ to extend examination malpractice penalties to all those found guilt including those found photocopying materials suspected to be leaked examinations, parents and all other persons found wanting 3.The government should integrate examination malpractices awareness in the school curriculum as one of the cross cutting issues to be taught in school in order to enhance continued awareness.