Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2016)
Malaysian female graduates: Marriage, motherhood and labour force participation
Author(s): Roslilee AB Halim, Nurul Nadia ABD Aziz, Mawarti Ashik Samsudin
Abstract: Although the female labour force participation rate is generally increasing in Malaysia for the past 30 years, the percentage of women with tertiary education participating in the labour force is lower as compared to their male counterparts. The scenario is perturbing especially when the women participation is highly anticipated in order to help Malaysia achieving a high income economy. This paper there foreaims to identify and give better insights on the factors that withdraw married female graduates from participating in the labour market. Being qualitative in nature, this study involved interviewing 19Malaysianmarried female graduates that withdraw from the workforce, either not entering the market at all or exiting the market at certain life stage. Four main factors were identified influencing the withdrawal of the tertiary-educated women from the labour market. The factors were categorized as family and children factor, spouse factor, job related factor and childcare arrangement factor. The findings are hoped to be benefited for the authorities and organizations in making policies that are able to attract more female graduates to participate in the labour force or to retain female labour from exiting the workforce.