Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2016)
Socio-Economic profile of women working in textile units of Tiruppur district in Tamil Nadu
Author(s): Dr. P Mala
Abstract: In Tamilnadu, the textile industry is female dominated. There are certain unskilled and semi-skilled job categories which are specifically ear marked for women. It was found that if there is a temporary shortage of women workers, available male workers with similar background demand a higher wage. The predominance of small firms, low qualification of the workforce and limited trade union presence, contribute to the fact that exploitation and discrimination particularly in terms of women, continues to exist in the textile and garment industry. In Tamil Nadu majority of the textile and garment workforce is women and children. Among them women workers in Textile mills are about 65% mostly unskilled workers. The age group of the workers is predominantly in the range of 14 to 21 years. There are child labourers both girls and boys in the age group of 11 to 14 years and workers in the age group of 21 to 30 years are in fact a minority segment among the total workforce. The present study aims at — identifying the major issues related to socio economic profile of women construction labourers, by analyzing the job satisfaction levels, wages, their economic status by finding out their savings, loans and also examining the status of these women in social ladder and recommending measures for mitigation of the problems.