Vol. 2, Issue 8 (2015)
An Analysis of Fertility Decline in India: Evidences from Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh
Author(s): Ajay Kumar, Saraswati Kerketta
Abstract: Using data from census of India and sample registration system, this paper traces fertility transition of Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and explains the fertility decline among the women of different age groups. There exist considerable regional disparities in terms of fertility decline in northern and southern states. The pace of fertility decline has been faster in southern and coastal regions, and at a slow pace in backward northern state. In Tamil Nadu fertility declined substantially among the women of lower and higher age groups in comparison to Uttar Pradesh characterized by low literacy, low female age at marriage, poor health infrastructure and low status of women.