Vol. 2, Issue 8 (2015)
Psychosocial problems among primigravida antenatal women in selected community of Ahmedabad
Author(s): Jay R. Patwa, Nilesh G. Patel, Saurabh Rathod, Shashank Patel, Mitesh K. Patel
Abstract: Introduction: Pregnancy is an unguent period of change for women that may have profound effect on their biological, psychological and social functioning. Most of women’s behavior during the antenatal period is strongly influenced by her cultural background. Various studies shown that there was a relative risk of preterm birth for women that experienced moderate and high levels of distress. Antenatal psychosocial problems may be associated with unfavorable postpartum outcomes. Issues of high concern to the women, her family or the care giver usually indicate a need for additional support or services. Methodology: This study was done by Purposive sampling method in the field practice area of B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad from july’14 to september’14.Total 100 primigravida antenatal mothers were interviewed by using predesign, pretested questionnaire. The data entry was done in Microsoft excel & analysis was done in EPI INFO 7. X2 test used for analysis. Observations & Discussion: In this study Majority of the subjects were in the age group of 21-25years (51%), Hindu religion (58%), educated up to primary (42%), housewife (61%), class V socioeconomic class (34%), were in 3rd trimester (51%). This study revealed that 65% of subjects having some type of psychosocial problems & most of them either due to bad family support (51%) or financial constraint (31%). Conclusions & Recommendations: The findings of the study revealed that there was significant association (P<0.05) between the psychosocial problems and selected demographic variables like religion, income, education status & gestational age. To prevent unfavorable postpartum outcome, better psychosocial support should be given to mothers to reduce level of psychosocial stress among primigravida antenatal mothers.