Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2015)
Erythrina stricta Roxb: A Phytopharmacological Review
Author(s): Mushahida Parveen S.Z, Jayshree N
Abstract: Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much of human history and such traditional medicine is still widely practiced today. Plants are used to treat a wide range of disorders. Erythrina stricta belongs to Fabaceae family. It is a deciduous armed tree which is 15-20 m tall. It has been widely distributed in countries like India, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam and China .The phytochemicals like carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannin, alkaloids and steroids have been reported. The pharmacological activities which are reported on Erythrina stricta are anti inflammatory activity, cardio protective activity, anti cataract activity, anti microbial activity, anti urolithic activity, in vitro xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity, anti plasmodial activity, anti mycobacterial activity and anti hyperuricemia activity. The present review is to have a birdâ€™s eye view which mainly summarizes on the traditional claims, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities reported on the various parts of the tree.