Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2015)
The Delayed Effects of Implementing a Modified Copy, Cover, Compare Procedure with Hand over Hand Prompting and Dot to Dot Tracing to Teach Basic Shapes to a Three-Year-Old Child with Level One Autism
Author(s): Jacqueline Barbeau, T. F. McLaughlin, J. Neyman
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using a modified Copy, Cover, Compare (CCC) procedure on the ability to accurately draw three basic shapes with at least 75% accuracy. The data was gathered during twenty-four sessions with the participant. Each session involved the participant forming a circle, square, and triangle on a blank sheet of paper or a modified CCC sheet created by the first author. Once the participant had completed drawing the three shapes, they were graded and the score for each shape was recorded. The goal of intervention was to increase the correct formation for circle, square, and triangle through the effects of the CCC procedure. A multiple baseline design across circle, square, and triangle formation was implemented to allow the participant to focus on shape formation for only one shape at a time. Hand-over-hand guidance, verbal cues, verbal praise, and prizes were used to encourage the implementation of CCC during intervention. The outcome of the study indicated that the implementation of CCC through hand-over-hand guidance, verbal cues, verbal praise, and prizes increased the participantâ€™s accurate shape formation for square and triangle. Further research would need to be done to show the effects of using hand-over-hand guidance, verbal cues, verbal praise, and prizes to increase the participantâ€™s accurate shape formation for circle.