Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2015)
Globalization and the claims of Post-Coloniality: In Rabindernath Tagore's “The Home and the World”
Author(s): Krishma, Deepti Dharmani
Abstract: This paper aims to address critics of post colonialism that characterise it as an elite discourse, by exploring the role that it might play in Third World resistance movements. In doing so, it complicates the landscape of globalized normative theory, which has traditionally been mapped as a debate between post colonialism and communitarianism. This work explores the political challenges of sustaining such a critique by studying theorists of resistance who perceive themselves as manoeuvring between hostile global and internal environments. It analyzes the representation of Indian nationalism in India in the early twentieth century and the gender issues related to nationalism in the novel written by Rabindranath Tagore, entitled The Home and the World. In this novel, Tagore brings about the nationalist topic related to the swadeshi movement which was popular in that era. He like Jawaharlal Nehruâ€™s view and rejected Gandhiâ€™s vision on globalization. Gandhi saw modernity as a threat for the nation and culture, yet Tagore saw it as a provider of the ideological basis for the critique of foreign domination. So, this study aims to analyze the representation of Indian Nationalism by focusing on the ideological conflict and how the resolutions of the conflicts represent the idea of nationalism. It is believed that this novel presents a criticism of the Indian tradition and nationalism. Through the key characters that represent different attitudes, Tagore presents his view through the conflict among the characters. The ideological conflicts among these characters can be seen as an attempt of Tagore in presenting his views upon the tradition and modernism in India. The analysis of this study uses the approach of postcolonial criticism, theories from postcolonial studies, postcolonial globalization and representation of women in literature.