A Review on Phytochemical and Pharmacological status of Datura fastuosa Linn
Ganesh. S, Radha. R, Jayshree. N
Datura name derived from Sanskrit word â€œDhutraâ€ (divine inebriation) is used for its healing properties. Various species of Datura are known and widely employed for their medicinal and toxic properties that are based upon more than 30 alkaloids. Traditional system of medicine enlightened the importance of Datura fastuosa to have a great medicinal value. .Datura fastuosa is a much branched shrub cultivated for its leaves although flowers, roots, fruits and seeds have also been used in traditional medicine. The plant has been reported to have anti-microbial activity, anti-spasmodic, antioxidant, febrifuge, anthelmintic, emetic, leucoderma, skin disease, ulcers, bronchitis, jaundice and piles. The plant is reported to contain Alkaloids (Scopolamine), triterpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds and fatty acids. This review gives an idea mainly on the pharmacognostical characteristics, traditional uses, Phytochemical and Pharmacological activities of the plant.