International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development






ISSN Online: 2349-4182
ISSN Print: 2349-5979


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2015)

Design of Check Dam for Effective Utilization of the Aflaj Water Resources


Natiq Joodi, Satyanarayana. S.V

The Sultanate of Oman, the Middle East country has limited water resources. Ground water and surface water are limited and confined to some areas. To ensure water security for agriculture purpose, construction of Check Dams is the best option. At present the Aflaj, a natural stream which originates from Oman Mountains, is meeting agriculture and drinking water needs of rural Oman people. (Rajib Chakraborthy, 2012) The Aflaj contains five channels by name Falaj Daris, Falaj-Al-Khatmeen, Falaj-Al-Malki, Falaj-Al-Muyassar and Falaj –Al-Jeela. The Falaj Daris water is soft with electrical conductivity 477 microchips/cm and with pH 7.31.The Falaj Daris channel has two branches of length 1.7 kilometers and 1.9 kilometers. The average flow is 2 cubic meters per second. The Falaj Daris, which is of Daudi Aflaj type is as shown in Fig: 1.The check dam location is selected at Willayat Nizwa keeping in view of its slope and proximity to Falaj Daris. During rainy season the water is stored in the check dam and released in to the Falaj Daris as and when required. The main objective of this Check Dam design is to collect the rain water and to connect the Check Dam to Falaj Daris so that the water can be distributed through Falaj Daris channel. In this design an attempt is being made to reduce evapotransmission losses
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