Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2015)
A Comparative Analysis for Conventional PID controller with Fuzzy Logic Controller and Genetic Algorithm based Controller
Author(s): Dibya Jyotirmayee Sahu, R.P. Dalai
Abstract: This project tries to explore the potential of using soft computing methodologies in controllers and their advantages over conventional methods. PID controller, being the most widely used Controller in industrial applications, needs efficient methods to control the different parameters of the plant. This thesis asserts that the conventional approach of PID tuning is not very efficient due to the presence of non-linearity in the system of the plant. The output of the conventional PID system has a quite high overshoot and settling time. The main focus of this project is to apply two specific soft-computing techniques viz. fuzzy logic and genetic algorithm to design and tuning of PID controller to get an output with better dynamic and static performance. The application of fuzzy logic to the PID controller imparts it the ability of tuning itself automatically in an on-line process while the application of genetic algorithm to the PID controller makes it give an optimum output by searching for the best set of solutions for the PID parameters. The project also discusses the benefits and the short-comings of both the methods. The simulation outputs are the MATLAB results obtained for a step input to a second-order plant.