Prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the patients of J.P.N. apex trauma center AIIMS New Delhi
Shally Khurana, Nusra Mustafa, Sandeep Kushwaha
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disease that affects the bodyâ€™s ability to turn food into energy. Normally, after eating, sugar in the form of glucose from the food enters the bloodstream. The hormone Insulin, released from the pancreas in response to the rising levels of glucose in the bloodstream, is responsible for transporting the glucose into the bodyâ€™s cells, to be used as fuel. In Type 2 Diabetes, the body does not respond well to insulin. As a result, the cells cannot absorb the glucose properly and it remains and builds up in the bloodstream and damages the inner lining of the small blood vessels. Uncontrolled diabetes may lead to blindness, limb amputation, kidney failure, and nerve damage. Diabetes is also a prominent factor in accelerating the hardening and narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading to stroke, heart disease, and other small blood vessel disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the â€œPrevalence of type 2 diabetes patience of J.P.N. Apex Trauma Center (JPNATC) AIIMS New Delhiâ€. This study has been carried out in different parameters age groups, educational status, and socio-economic status. Therefore a cross-sectional survey was conducted among age group (18-72 years) in various wards of J.P.N Apex Trauma center viz. TC-1, TC-4, TC-5, TC-6 and TC-7. The survey revealed 90 males and 26 females. The study showed the prevalence was highest TC-7 and lowest in TC-1. This study also showed that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus more in urban area compare to rural area(J.P.N.A AIIMS).