Constructivist approach way to promote self-concept and achievement in science of upper primary students
Author(s): Biswajit Nath
Abstract: The present research shows that in changing from a traditional ‘chalk and talk’ method to a constructivist approach of teaching method not simply enriches class room teaching, it also significantly improves their achievement. It implies that constructivist approach of teaching method proves to be more tangible in its effectiveness on achievement than the traditional classroom approach. It seems more practical and is widely acceptable to students. The method suggests a new role for the teacher. A teacher accustomed to being the sole source of information for teaching the passive learners in the classroom, has to change to be a facilitator in the learning process to actively encourage the students to: help each other and learn from each other, participate in discussions. Learning the discipline of science is a basic human necessity. It is a right of every human being as well as a duty. This is because science has permeated every aspect of human life that it is almost impossible to be insulated from it. It establishes an important and essential relationship between man and his environment. In spite of all prescription many school students find difficulty with learning of science because there is a huge gap between the prescription and practice of science curriculum. Traditional teaching practices compel the learner for rote learning and not much time is devoted to construct concepts of science. Hardly students are allowed to ask questions in the class and the teacher acts as the ring master where the students are treated as passive listener. A major reason of failure in science is that teacher quite often pays no attention to basic concepts. Conventional methods have been used for many years but the interest towards science had decreased for which we must face lots of bad consequences. To overcome these consequences our educationists has made a modern teaching method i.e. constructivist approaches. Today teachers are seeking learner-centered approaches to help motivate students to learn and increase their excitement and interest in learning through new teaching strategies like constructivist approaches.