Vol. 2, Issue 11 (2015)
Screen-based literature as an element of social control: A case-study of the youth in Bo city, southern Sierra Leone
Author(s): Philip Y Thulla, Kuyateh Gibson, Peter M Muffuh
Abstract: The study; ‘Screen-Based Literature as an Element of Social Control: A Case-Study of the Youth in Bo City’ was conducted in Bo, Southern Sierra Leone. The study sought to assess the effectiveness of literature, specially the screen channel, in attaining social control among the youth in Bo. It is generally believed by people in Sierra Leone that, the youth are responsible for most of the crimes and violence perpetrated in the urban areas. Studies have further shown that there are many cases of obvious youth involvement in crimes, violent behaviours, and violation of social norms and values in the country. Newspapers, magazines, the TV, and the radio often speak of the anti-social behaviors of youth and the menaces they pose to the peace and stability of the state. For social control to be maintained within the contexts described above, the role played by the screen channel is crucial and was of interest to the study. The data were collected from two sources: Primary and Secondary by the use of structured questionnaires and Semi-structured personal interviews. The research findings confirmed that, respondents recommended the screen channel as a potent means of controlling the behaviours of youth particularly and people in society in general. The data also proved that what people view in screens can influence their ways of life. From the research findings, it was again concluded that social control can only be effective if the screen channel is used with necessary guidance to control the behaviours of people, consequently making a society relatively peaceful.