Vol. 2, Issue 10 (2015)
Understanding Transition through Secondary Schools; A Review of Trend in Academic Performance among Students in Kenya
Author(s): James Gathungu, Alexander Ronoh, Edward Tanui
Abstract: Academic performance has been widely studied with students’ performance in summative examinations being a key variable. This paper investigates students’ trend in academic performance by identifying the relationship between the marks students scored in examinations taken progressively through secondary school course. The study was carried out in Kiambu County in Kenya using the Correlation research design. Data was collected from teachers, students and Deans of Studies using questionnaire and a researcher’s designed Learners’ Examinations Marks Schedule. Respondents were selected using stratified random sampling technique. The study informs curriculum developers and implementers on the trend in academic performance to expect of students going through the secondary school course. Data collected was summarized in descriptive statistics of mode and percentages. Using a Chi-Square test, the study identified significant decline in students’ examinations marks thereby generalizing that as students progressed through secondary school, their academic performance tend to declining and therefore recommends for attempts to turn around this trend.