Parenting adolescents and preschoolers: a study of working mothers of Jammu city
Sarika Manhas, Priya Devi
The present study was undertaken to assess and compare the parenting of working mothers withrnadolescent and preschool age children. The sample of the present study comprised of 120 workingrnmothers (60 mothers of preschoolers and 60 mothers of adolescents) selected randomly from 28rngovernment schools of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir. Tools used for gathering the data was arnstandardised Parenting Relationship Questionnaire (Kamphaus and Reynold, 2006) and on spotrnobservation. Analysis of the mother-child relationship reveals that this relationship tends to evolve andrnfortify over time. In spite of their job requirement most mothers were proficiently and efficiently ablernto fulfill their parenting responsibility. Most mothers shared average to above average attachment,rnbelow average to average discipline practices, average involvement, average to above averagernparenting confidence and average to below average relation frustration with their children. The motherchildrnrelationship in most cases was moderate in nature with no major conflicts or frustration. Use ofrnstatistical procedure points that there are significant differences in parenting between working mothersrnof preschoolers and adolescents on dimensions namely, attachment, discipline, involvement andrnrelation frustration. Mothers were most attached and involved with their adolescents; while they usedrnmore discipline with preschoolers and faced lesser relation frustration in dealing with them. Thernfindings point to the ever evolving nature of mother-child relationship which apart from other variablesrnis also influenced notably by the age of their children.