Optimizated design and analysis for the development of aircraft droop nose ribs
Darla Sandeep, A. Nageswara Rao
This paper presents the development of a parameterized automated generic model for the structural design of an aircraft wing. Furthermore, in order to perform finite element analysis on the aircraft wing geometry, the process of finite element mesh generation is automated. The generic model that is developed in this regard is able to automate the process of creation and modification of the aircraft wing geometry based on a series of parameters which define the geometrical characteristics of wing panels, wing spars and wing ribs. Two different approaches are used for the creation of the generic model of an aircraft wing which are “Knowledge Pattern” and “Power Copy with Visual Basic Scripting” using the CATIA V5 Software. A performance comparison of the generic wing model based on these two approaches is also performed. In the early stages of the aircraft design process, an estimate of the structural characteristic of the aircraft wing is desirable for which a surface structural analysis (using 2D mesh elements) is more suitable. In this regard, the process of finite element mesh generation for the generic wing model is automated. Furthermore, the finite element mesh is updated based on any changes in geometry and the shape of the wing panels, wing spars or wing ribs, and ensure that all the mesh elements are always properly connected at the nodes. The automated FE mesh generated can be used for performing the structural analysis on an aircraft wing. Topology optimization has for a considerable time been applied successfully in the automotive industry, but still has not become a mainstream technology for the design of aircraft components.. Also, aircraft components are often stability designs and the compliance based topology optimization method still lacks the ability to deal with any buckling criteria. The present paper considers the use of the compliance formulated topology optimization method and detailed sizing/shape optimization methods to the design of aircraft components but also discusses the difficulties in obtaining correct loading and boundary conditions for finite element based analysis/optimization of components that are integral parts of a larger structure.