Right To Education and Sustainable Development: Some Theoretical Perspectives
The present paper highlights the importance of Right to Education for the Sustainable Development and also acknowledges the justiciability of the Right to Education as an important Human Right and its entitlement to be guaranteed to all the children. It also suggests some useful implications for making it more enforceable. Sustainable Development is the futuristic goal of every society. To accomplish this goal there is a need of some powerful tools out of those ‘Education’ is the most important tool which gives shape to the ‘Sustainable Development’. Sustainable Development and human rights are interdependent and serves the same purposes of dignified livelihood, freedom and equality and centering policies in the human lives throughout the process. Broadly speaking, for the progress of our country and for the success of democracy ‘education’ is the basic requirement. In the past few decades, our education system has gone through various Committees and Commissions for doing improvement and modification in the present system of education. They gave many recommendations for various levels of education. ‘Right to Education Act - 2009’ is the outcome of all those suggestions and recommendations meant for elementary stage. This Act envisages the purpose of providing free and compulsory elementary education to all children of the specified age group (6-14 years). It also fulfills the criteria of ensuring quality education to all children by promoting inclusive education and the common school System. Moreover, ‘Equality in Education’ is a constitutional imperative. To enhance the quality and efficiency of education, ‘Right to Education’ enlists the rules to be followed and the tasks to be done by the Centre, State and the Local authorities. But even after the completion of four years of the enforcement of the Right to Education Act, there are still major hurdles to overcome for making it a reality and achieving the goal of the Sustainable Development.