Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2014)
Pregnancy: A Physiologically Demanding Phase
Author(s): Disha Bindra
Abstract: It has been peculiarly noticed that in developing countries including India young women, pregnant women, and their infants and children frequently experience a cycle where undernutrition, a form of malnutrition (macronutrient and micronutrient) and repeated episodes of infection, including parasitic infections, lead to adverse consequences that can continue from one generation to the next. Among parasitic infections, malaria and intestinal helminths coexist widely with micronutrient deficiencies and contribute importantly to anemia and this cycle of retarded growth and development. In somewhat more limited or focal geographic settings, other parasitic diseases (e.g., schistosomiasis, filariasis) contribute similarly to this cycle. It is undoubtedly much better to enter a pregnancy free of infection and nutritionally replete than the various alternatives (Steketee, W. Richard, 2003).