Rural sanitation and millennium development goals: targets, achievements and challenges
Narayana Billava, Arunkumar R Kulkarni
Sanitation is the most commonly needed basic facility for every household and provision of this facility is a major challenge in developing countries. The paper presents the coverage of sanitation facilities across the India as well as Karnataka states in particular over the period of time. It also tries to present the gap in meeting the MDG target and highlights the problems involved in having sanitation facilities. The paper is mainly based on the secondary data to understand the coverage and gaps in sanitation. Primary data, from the sample 235 households spread across 4 Gram Panchayats in Dharwad district in Karnataka, has been collected understand the basic problems in having the sanitation facility. The paper finds that the coverage of sanitation is very slow and small states and small districts are progressing well compared to large populated states in the country. People’s attitude and knowledge about sanitation are the main hurdles in having the facilities. Therefore, people’s attitude and knowledge about sanitation needs to be changed through village level Social Service Organizations and Gram Panchayats.